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Foreign Entry Requirements and Country Information


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Entry Requirements

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Visa Required?

 

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Immunization Required?

 

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Invitation Required?

 

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Additional Requirements?

 

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Legend:  =Required   =Not Required

Current Travel Warning for Travel to Sudan
On May 14, 2007, The United States Department of State issued a Travel Warning for persons considering travel to the Middle East and North Africa. This Travel Warning expires on November 20, 2007. To read the Travel Warning in entirety, please go to http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/pa/pa_1165.html .

On August 31, 2007, The United States Department of State issued a Travel Warning for persons considering travel to East Africa. This Travel Warning expires on February 29, 2008. To read the Travel Warning in entirety, please go to http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/pa/pa_1158.html .

On September 6, 2007, The United States Department of State issued a Travel Warning for persons considering travel to Sudan. There is no posted expiration date for this Travel Warning. To read the Travel Warning in entirety, please go to http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/tw/tw_934.html .
Entry/Exit Requirements
A passport and visa are required. Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the Embassy of Sudan, 2210 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 338-8565, http://www.sudanembassy.org/. U.S. citizens are advised to apply for visas well in advance of any proposed travel, as the Embassy of Sudan closed intermittently to visa issuance in late 2004. American citizens who were born in Sudan and have Sudanese identification (in addition to a U.S. passport) may apply for a visa at Khartoum International Airport. Visas are not available at other airports or at the border. Travelers must pay an airport departure tax. The government of Sudan does not allow persons with passports bearing an Israeli visa or entry/exit stamps to enter the country.

In an effort to prevent international child abduction, many governments have initiated special procedures at entry/exit points. These often include requiring documentary evidence of relationship to the person traveling with the child and permission for the child's travel from the parent(s) or legal guardian not present. Having such documentation on hand, even if not required, may facilitate entry/departure. Please refer to Traveling with Children for detailed information.
Population
39,148,162 (July 2004 est.)
Nationality
noun: Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sudanese
Country Name
conventional long form: Republic of the Sudan
conventional short form: Sudan
local long form: Jumhuriyat as-Sudan
local short form: As-Sudan
former: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Capital
Khartoum
Climate
tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Currency
Sudanese dinar (SDD)
Government Type
authoritarian regime - ruling military junta took power in 1989; government is run by an alliance of the military and the National Congress Party (NCP), formerly the National Islamic Front (NIF), which espouses an Islamist platform
U.S. Embassy Location
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Gerard M. GALLUCCI
embassy: Sharia Abdul Latif Avenue, Khartoum
mailing address: P. O. Box 699, Khartoum; APO AE 09829
telephone: [249] (11) 774611 or 774700
FAX: [249] (11) 774137
Legal System
based on English common law and Islamic law; as of 20 January 1991, the now defunct Revolutionary Command Council imposed Islamic law in the northern states; Islamic law applies to all residents of the northern states regardless of their religion; some separate religious courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Religions
Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)
Country Background
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan has been embroiled in a civil war for all but 10 years of this period (1972-82). The wars are rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. Since 1983, the war and war- and famine-related effects have led to more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced. The ruling regime is a mixture of military elite and an Islamist party that came to power in a 1989 coup. Some northern opposition parties have made common cause with the southern rebels and entered the war as a part of an anti-government alliance. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-03 with the signing of several accords, including a cease-fire agreement.
Safety and Security
The U.S. Embassy’s ability to provide consular services, including emergency assistance, is severely limited. Even when consular personnel are temporarily in country, the U.S. Embassy does not have the infrastructure or resources to provide more than the most basic consular assistance.

Travel in all parts of Sudan, particularly outside the capital city of Khartoum, is potentially hazardous. The Government of Sudan and southern rebel forces signed a framework peace agreement in early June 2004 aimed at ending a 20-year civil war. Although fighting has subsided, danger may persist in the southern Sudanese provinces of Upper Nile, Blue Nile, and Bahr El Ghazal. There has been fighting between Government of Sudan backed forces and other rebel forces in the western province of Darfur. The fighting, combined with drought and famine, has resulted in an international humanitarian crisis. In the South, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), which normally operates in northern Uganda and occasionally shelters in southern Sudan, has allegedly threatened to target Americans. The land border with Egypt is open. Land transportation between Eritrea and Sudan is not dependable. The Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) controls all border crossings from Kenya and Uganda.

For the latest security information, Americans traveling abroad should regularly monitor the Department's Internet web site at http://travel.state.gov where the current Worldwide Caution Public Announcement, Middle East and North Africa Public Announcement, Travel Warnings and other Public Announcements can be found.

Up to date information on security can also be obtained by calling 1-888-407-4747 toll free in the United States, or, for callers outside the United States and Canada, a regular toll line at 1-317-472-2328. These numbers are available from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).
Crime
Petty crime and thievery are common in Khartoum. Crimes against individuals are not as common but do occur. Travelers should maintain security awareness at all times. Travelers should exercise extra caution at the airport, in markets, and at public gatherings. Spontaneous street demonstrations are common and should be avoided if possible. Individuals who are outside between 11 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. are subject to document searches at police checkpoints.
Travel in all parts of Sudan, particularly outside the capital city of Khartoum, is potentially hazardous. Banditry and lawlessness is common in western Sudan, particularly in the Darfur province along the Chadian and Libyan borders. War and famine have severely damaged the infrastructure and social services in most of the country are non-existent.

INFORMATION FOR VICTIMS OF CRIME: The loss or theft abroad of a U.S. passport should be reported immediately to the local police and the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate. If you are the victim of a crime while overseas, in addition to reporting to local police, please contact the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate for assistance. The Embassy/Consulate staff can, for example, assist you to find appropriate medical care, to contact family members or friends and explain how funds could be transferred. Although the investigation and prosecution of the crime is solely the responsibility of local authorities, consular officers can help you to understand the local criminal justice process and to find an attorney if needed. Posts in countries that have victims of crime assistance programs should include that information.
Medical Facilities
Medical facilities fall short of U.S. standards in Khartoum, and are almost non-existent for all but the most minor of treatments outside of the capital. Government hospitals and clinics are poorly equipped. Individuals with medical conditions that may require treatment are discouraged from traveling to Sudan. Medicines are only intermittently available, and travelers should carry sufficient supplies of needed medications in clearly marked containers. Emergency ambulance services are not readily available. Travelers must pay cash in advance for any treatment. The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum maintains a list of local doctors and clinics in Khartoum for reference.

Malaria is prevalent in all areas of Sudan. Travelers should take malaria prophylaxis. P. falciparum malaria, the serious and sometimes fatal strain in Sudan, is resistant to the anti-malarial drug chloroquine. Because travelers to Sudan are at high risk for contracting malaria, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises that travelers should take one of the following antimalarial drugs: mefloquine (Lariam™), doxycycline, or atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone™). The CDC has determined that a traveler who is on an appropriate antimalarial drug has a greatly reduced chance of contracting the disease. In addition, other personal protective measures, such as the use of insect repellents, protective clothing and mosquito nets also help to reduce malaria risk. Travelers who become ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in a malaria-risk area and up to one year after returning home should seek prompt medical attention and tell the physician their travel history and what antimalarials they have been taking. For additional information on malaria, protection from insect bites, and antimalarial drugs, please visit the CDC Travelers' Health web site at http://www.cdc.gov/travel/malinfo.htm.

Information on vaccinations and other health precautions, such as safe food and water precautions and insect bite protection, may be obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s hotline for international travelers at 1-877-FYI-TRIP (1-877-394-8747); fax 1-888-CDC-FAXX (1-888-232-3299), or via the CDC’s Internet site at http://www.cdc.gov/travel. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad consult the World Health Organization’s (WHO) website at http://www.who.int/en. Further health information for travelers is available at http://www.who.int/ith.

 


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